The science of a positive psychology intervention approach
Positive psychology advocates that humans can flourish and accomplish optimal levels of functioning. In this era of fast-pace life, technological advancement and with daily demands of work, family, health requirements, how can this be possible? After much contemplation I thought of positive psychology interventions and how they brought to light areas of life that are meaningful to us as human beings. What caught my attention was the quality of life therapy advocating that there are 16 areas of quality of life that need enhancement and were identified as health, self-esteem, goals/values, money, work, play, learning, creativity, helping, love, friends, children, relatives, home, neighbourhood and community. Thereafter a scale of dissatisfaction is expressed through -1 to -7 scoring and satisfaction is shown by a 1 to 7 scoring.
The purpose of the quality of life inventory is to establish areas that need growth in your life and so can be accomplished according to the CASIO model approach. The model postulates that four components are necessary for life satisfaction to be boasted “Circumstances of the area, the persons Attitude about it, perception, and interpretation of an area of an area in terms of his or her wellbeing: a person’s evaluation of fulfilment in an area based on the application of Standards of fulfilment and the importance a person place on overall wellbeing.” (Frisch, 2006 Pg,6)
Collaboration of a quality of life therapy with professional
The health sector implements this therapy in clinical, psychiatry, health psychology and counselling areas which have produced evidence based proof that it’s a good assessment procedure with the initial quality of life inventory utilised and then the Casio model is implemented with clients. Evidence based research has shown self-esteem has been enhanced by the implementation of this theory in collaboration to homework assignments too (Frisch, 1992, 1998). Which an imperative factor in improving quality of life for clients with health issues and others trying to establish their own life goals.
The future of a positive interventions
Future research could concentrate on follow up research and prevention positive psychology interventions should be tested on a randomised trail basis so see if the quality of life therapy can be sustained within longer periods for clients. The notion of having mechanisms of change that cultivate re generation of attention, memory, diversion from negative feelings, increase positivity and greater feeling of hopefulness (Rashid, T, 2006). I would feel that positive psychology should be repeated until they become a way of life as this for me is the future of positive interventions. Thus, in the pioneer creator of the term of flow “the real interventions in our life are family, school, jobs, and the political systems in which we live: these interventions don’t last two weeks, they last all our lives” (Csikszentmihalyi, M, 2012, Pg1).
About the author: Fizza Shah, BSc Psychology, PgCert in Applied Positive Psychology a MAPP student at Buckinghamshire New University. Her website is https://positivewellbeingassociation.wordpress.com/2017/08/11/what-are-happiness-strategies/ and Facebook group called Positive Wellbeing Association.
Csikszentmihalyi, M, (2002). Flow, the classic work on how to achieve happiness, USA: Harper & Row.
Frisch, M, B, Quality of life Therapy, (2006). New Jersey, USA: John Wiley & Sons.
Jenaabadi, H, Nejad, A, B, Fatehrad, G, (2015), Efficacy of Quality of Life Therapy on increasing Happiness in Patients with Major Depressive Order, Open Journal of Psychiatry, 5, 207-213
Rashid, T, (2016) Positive Psychotherapy, PhD., Psych.
Wood, A, M, & Johnson, J, the Wiley Handbook of Positive Clinical Psychology, (2016). Chichester, Uk: John & Wiley Sons, Ltd.